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Government Of Assam Transport

Traffic Rules and Signals

Traffic Rules and Regulations

In 1914, the first legislation 'Indian Motor Vehicle Act 1914' was passed in our country to regulate the motor vehicles and as well as other road users. Since then the traffic pressure on Indian roads has multiplied several times and the first Motor Vehicle Act 1914 was amended and revised several times by the Government of India to form the 'The Motor Vehicle Act 1988'. Traffic rules and regulations are devised to assure the smooth flowing of motor vehicles in the road, not meant only for drivers but also for pedestrians, cyclists, hand carters and other road users. The thorough knowledge of traffic rules/regulations, traffic signs and markings are very essential for the drivers and road users. The proper knowledge of these rules can greatly reduce the number of accidents and establish a healthy and organized traffic system in our country.

Traffic Light Signals

Traffic LightsMeaning
A RED light means that you must come to a full stop behind the stop line. Remember, the crossing of stop line is an offence. You have to remain there until the light turns green.
The AMBER color light means CAUTION. When the amber light turns on it gives you a signal to be ready for the go.
A GREEN light means GO through the intersection carefully and slowly.
A flashing RED light means you must come to a full stop and may proceed only when the road is safe and clear. 

Drivers Hand Signals

Although today's motor vehicles have inbuilt indicators for showing the direction , many drivers, especially truck drivers, still use their hands to give a signal to other road users. By using your hand signals you can tell the other drivers and the road users more effectively about your intentions like slow down, turn and allowing of overtaking. Learning these signals is thus helpful.


Signal for left turn.
Signal for right turn.
Signal for stopping.
Signal for slowing down.
Signal for allowing overtaking.

Road Markings

Road markings or lines on the road are white and yellow and each type of markings or line has a special meaning. Disobeying the meanings of these markings is an offence and for this act you may be prosecuted by the traffic police. Therefore, basic knowledge of these road markings is essential for all the road users.

Road Markings
across the Road
This is called a STOP LINE. A Stop Line is painted before the edge of the road intersection/Zebra Crossing. Whenever the traffic is expected to stop, you should have to stop your vehicle just before the stop line. Jumping or crossing of the Stop Line is an offence.
The alternate black and white lines painted across the road are called zebra-crossing or PEDESTRIAN CROSSING. This is the place through which pedestrians used to cross the road. Be careful and stop your vehicle before such pedestrian crossing whenever necessary.

These parallel broken white lines are called GIVE WAY LINE and it means that you have to give way to oncoming traffic on major road ahead of you.
Road Markings
Along the Road
This continuous white line is called BARRIER LINE. It indicates that driver should not overtake in this area.  
These broken white lines separate a road in to a two-lane road. These lines generally used as centre line in two-way roads. It is very essential for traffic safety.
These broken white lines are called lane separators. It is used as lane markings in a road with traffic on same direction.
This type of continuous parallel two white lines means that driver is not permitted to overtake.
A continuous yellow color line at the edge of road indicates that no vehicle will be allowed to park on the side of the road.
A broken white line changing into a solid continuous white line indicates that 'no lane changing' will allow till the continuous white line becomes a broken line again.

Hand Signals of Traffic Police

To stop vehicles coming from front.To stop vehicles coming from behind.
To allow vehicles coming from the right.To allow vehicles coming from the left.
To stop vehicles approaching simultaneously
from behind and front side.
To stop vehicles approaching from
right and left side.
To Give VIP Salute.Warning signal of closing all traffic.
To start vehicles on T-point

Warning Signs